less_retarded_wikimain page, file list, single page HTML, source, report, wiki last updated on 05/28/23
Normalization is a term that can mean slightly different things but generally it either refers to adjusting a set of values to some desired range by multiplying or dividing each of the values by some predetermined number, or to converting some data or expression into a unified format. The idea is to "tame" possibly very wildly differing values that we can encounter "in the wild" into something more "normal" that we can better work with. The following are some specific meanings of the term depending on context:
- vector normalization: Making given vector into a unit vector by dividing all its components by the length of the vector, i.e. we keep the direction of the vector the same but force its length to be exactly 1.
- signal normalization: Adjusting the range of the signal to a desired range, for example with audio or images in which samples can range from -1 to 1 we may want to divide all the samples by the maximum of absolute values of all the samples which will stretch the signal so that the peak exactly fits the range: this will fully utilize the range (e.g. increase contrast in images) without cutting the signal off.
- URI normalization: Converting URI into a unified format (e.g.
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